It often happens that a woman wants to have children, but she fails to get pregnant. If attempts remain in vain for 1-2 years, then there is every reason to talk about infertility. However, do not forget that with age, a woman needs more time to conceive a child. Therefore, you do not need to make a diagnosis yourself, it is better to leave it to the doctor.
Infertility may be:
Infertility is the result of some diseases (mainly inflammatory), but not an independent disease.
There are many factors due to which the fertilization of the egg does not occur. The main ones are the following:
The development of infertility is influenced by several factors at the same time. Sometimes such causes cannot be identified even with a thorough examination of the patient (in about 10% of cases).
Based on the reasons why pregnancy does not occur, there are some forms of infertility.
And here the impossibility of conception is caused by defects of the uterus. These include tumors, doubling of the uterus, the presence of a septum, deformity, underdevelopment. Some of these pathologies are congenital and some are acquired during intrauterine interventions.
Hormonal imbalance and menstrual irregularities lead to a lack of ovulation. Imbalance can be caused by excess prolactin, low progesterone, polycystic ovaries.
This form takes place if a woman has some kind of immunity against the embryo, spermatozoa, which is quite rare.
The development of infertility is characterized by the inability of the egg to enter the uterus through the fallopian tubes due to their absence or obstruction. An obstacle is created by adhesions or weakening of the functions of the intrauterine lashes, which move the egg to the uterus.
We can speak of infertility only when, under favorable conditions, a woman fails to become pregnant. Such conditions considered: regular sexual life without contraceptives, a healthy spermogram of a sexual partner, the age of the woman is from 20 to 40 years. The most common symptom is menstrual irregularities. Thus, patients may experience painful periods, irregular cycle or complete absence of menstruation. Most often, signs of infertility may not appear at all. In this case, a medical examination is necessary to identify indirect symptoms (underweight or overweight, gynecological diseases, underdevelopment of the mammary glands, infections, etc.).
Infertility treatment always begins with the elimination of menstrual irregularities. The type of treatment for female infertility is prescribed by a doctor based on the results of tests..
Treatment aimed at restoring natural functions is carried out through ovulation stimulation, as well as laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.
Reproductive technologies include treatment using the partner's sperm (intrauterine insemination) or transfer of an embryo grown in a laboratory into the uterus (artificial insemination).
If infertility is caused by any disease or disorder, the woman is prescribed medication, depending on the type of pathology.